CITEPA will examine any request for the following services:

    • carbon audits (Bilan carbone®) and greenhouse gas (GHG) audits,
    • monitoring plans: CITEPA can help any facility subject to reporting requirements, under the EU GHG Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS), to develop their monitoring plans for the 3rd trading period. CITEPA has developed robust expertise on the new regulations applicable as from 2013 and provides training for operators in this area,
    • domestic emission reduction projects: CITEPA provides its technical expertise to support domestic projects, in particular for establishing reference methods. During this process, CITEPA provides assistance to the project developer on critical points such as: eligible scope, methods for calculating emissions, bibliographical references used as information sources, inclusion of potential emission reductions in the national emissions inventory and other criteria that may apply (e.g. "additionality"),
    • assistance in completing the annual report on pollutant and GHG releases (GEREP): Emissions reporting to the GEREP database is complex and time-consuming for some industrial facilities. As well as its group training sessions on the subject, CITEPA can also assist any industrial operator or group of operators in developing reporting procedures and methodologies that can be easily applied each year.
    • development of solvent management plans (SMPs): A solvent management plan is a document describing the mass balance of solvent inputs and outputs in industrial facilities classified for environmental protection purposes and thus subject to Prefectoral declaration, registration or authorisation. This is an obligation whenever solvent consumption exceeds 1 tonne per year. Though outwardly simple, the process can come up against a number of problems: the scope of the audit is not well defined, the volatility of the solvents is not known, the characteristics of products containing solvents are not accurately reported, measurements of VOC concentrations are not readily usable or wrong, concentrations expressed in carbon equivalent are not converted into VOC concentrations, the mass balance of inputs and outputs may not tally, internal recycling of the solvents is not considered, calculations may simply be wrong, etc. CITEPA offers its wide-ranging technical experience to help operators establish a state-of-the-art system for producing an SMP that can be applied with ease, complies with the regulations and is readily understandable to agents of the Regional Offices for Environment, Spatial Planning and Housing (DREAL). CITEPA also trains on the subject.
    • VOC audits: Reducing VOC emissions is a concern for many operators of classified industrial facilities where solvents are used. Emissions may be reduced at source by changing processes or by treating gases to remove VOCs generated. Reducing VOC emissions from an industrial process demands an in-depth approach that includes:
      • an analysis of the regulations: constraints applying at national and local levels and potential or expected changes, integrated approaches (when other pollutants must be considered),
      • an analysis of emission sources: this must produce an accurate identification of sources, their origins, their relative importance, how the pollutants are emitted (fugitive or collected) and how emissions vary over time. With exact knowledge of emissions and the most accurate assessments, operators can choose the most appropriate reduction techniques and their design. Exact knowledge of the nature of the VOCs to be treated is essential. The characteristics of the gases containing VOCs must also be known,
      • Identification of means for reducing emissions at source and/or by treating gaseous effluents containing VOCs. Possible solutions must be investigated in depth and levels of performance determined as accurately as possible. The impact in terms of energy consumption and pollution transfers must be assessed. The permanent nature of emission reduction measures must also be taken into account. Economic considerations are often very important. In many cases, acting on the process itself will be much more effective than treating the air pollutants generated. However, this means that alternative processes generating lower emission levels but performing equally well in terms of quality must be available. Industrial references can be very useful in this case.

The solutions chosen to reduce emissions will depend on many different criteria, including the characteristics of emissions, how far they must be reduced, on-site constraints, maintenance of reduction facilities, possible pollution transfers, process reliability and economic aspects (including both investment and operating costs).
CITEPA provides assistance to identify the best and most permanent solution.

    • expertise on regulations: CITEPA can provide its expertise to resolve difficulties with understanding the regulations concerning gaseous emissions. For example, it has helped operators to resolve disputes with their DREAL over threshold concentrations of particulate matter expressed for dry instead of wet gas,
    • assistance in defining specifications for VOC emission measurement operations and follow-up services: CITEPA's wide-ranging on-site experience has shown that flue measurements of VOCs are often unreliable, not related to data on a given activity and not readily usable.
      Measuring pollutants is not easy. Service providers working under pressure may report releases as compliant but with the wrong regulation, have to repeat measurements several times before they produce a reliable result, and so on.
      Operators do not always check their measurement reports adequately and the results turn out to be wrong after completion of the work and associated service contracts. Specifications are often neglected, which sometimes makes laboratory results unusable.
      CITEPA's involvement will improve the reliability of the information produced, with the added benefits of well-handled data processing. This involvement is designed to improve measurement specifications and the measurement operations themselves, to verify reports and advise on further steps to be taken.