LCP regulatory framework

Directive 2001/80/EC of 23 October 2001 applies to Large Combustion Plants (LCPs) with a rated thermal input of 50 MW or more. It includes provisions to limit emissions of SO2, NOx and TSP (total suspended particles) and requires each Member State to submit an inventory of emissions on a plant-by-plant basis every three years (next inventory for 2013-2015 to be provided by the end of 2016).

In 2004, Directive 88/609/EEC was superseded by Directive 2001/80/EC. An initial yearly chronological series was produced under the earlier directive for the years 1990-2003.

Directive 2001/80/EC broadens the scope of the inventories to include gas turbines in the facilities concerned and particulate matter among the pollutants measured. It also requires more detailed reporting to the European Commission.

From 1st January 2016, it will be superseded by Directive 2010/75/EU on industrial emissions, which will change the scope of the inventory for Large Combustion Plants.

 

Year 2014

In 2014, the 254 large combustion plants in France as listed by the EU (Mainland France and French overseas included in the EU) released 58 kt of SO2, 42 kt of NOx and 3 kt of TSP. These figures show a decrease compared to 2013, respectively 38% for SO2, 35% for NOx and 47% for TSP.

After a little decrease in 2013, emissions of the pollutants concerned fell sharply in 2014. This is a consequence of a 25% drop in activity in 2014 compared to 2013. Moreover, the share of "other solid fuels", high emitters, in the energy balance has decreased.

Compared to all French emission sources within the EU in 2014, SO2 emissions from LCPs are high (22.4% of total emissions). The share of LCPs in NOx emissions is lower but still significant (4%), while the share of TSP emissions is marginal (0.3%).

 

Trends 1990-2014

From 1990 to 2014, SO2 emissions from LCPs dropped by 88.5% and NOx emissions by 72.6%. TSP emissions dropped by 79.1% compared to 2004, the year when they were first assessed.