Download the latest edition of the UNFCCC report (full report) (March 2018) (PDF - 9.7 Mo)Download the CRF tables (submission 2018 - Kyoto perimeter (17.8 Mo))

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) includes certain provisions on the communication of information on air emissions, i.e. emissions of gases contributing to the greenhouse effect either directly (CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6, NF3) or indirectly (NOx, CO, NMVOCs, SO2). The Kyoto Protocol, which was adopted on 11 December 1997 and came into force on 16 February 2005, lays down the commitments assigned to each signatory State. The Protocol was approved by France and the European Union on 31 May 2002. France ratified the Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol (2012) for the commitments during its second period (2013-2020) by the Act n° 2014-1753 of 30 December 2014.

 

Description of the inventory in the UNFCCC format

Each year since 1990, this national inventory report has provided data on emissions of the different substances contributing to the greenhouse effect and identified for monitoring for the purposes of:

    • the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
    • the commitment under the Kyoto Protocol in general.
    • the Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol for the commitments during its second period (2013-2020).

 

Pollutants concerned

The substances concerned are the seven direct greenhouse gases making up the "Kyoto basket": carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), the two families of halogenated substances, i.e. hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and perfluorocarbons (PFCs), sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) and nitrogen trifluoride (NF3) and the four indirect greenhouse gases: SO2, NOx, NMVOCs and CO, for which the Convention invites the Parties to submit emissions reports.

 

Coverage and spatial resolution

The regions covered in France by the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol are:

    • UNFCCC: mainland France and all overseas territories,
    • Kyoto Protocol: mainland France and all overseas territories which are part of the European Union (EU).

 

Summary of main results

Energy (including petroleum refineries, thermal power plants, transport) is the main source of emissions in France according to the UNFCCC classification (70.3% of emissions expressed in CO2e excluding land use, land use change and forestry [LULUCF] in 2016), followed by agriculture (16.7% of GWP). Next are industrial processes (9.5%) and waste (3.5%). Compared to 1990, the contributions from the energy, agriculture and waste sectors have increased while those that of industrial processes has dropped.

Significant trends in the 1990-2016 period include:

    • a global increase in CO2 emissions from transport (+10%), although they have dropped since 2005 then stabilised since 2008,
    • a considerable drop in N2O emissions from the chemicals industry (-96%) and, to a lesser extent, from waste water treatment (-44%),
    • a decline in fugitive emissions of CH4 following the closure of coal mines,
    • a decline in the use of PFCs (-87% in CO2e), but a very steep rise in HFC emissions (+339% in CO2e).

In the LULUCF sector, results in 2016 show a CO2 sink offsetting 8% of total GHG emissions expressed in CO2e.

 

Variations in emissions of direct greenhouse gases excluding LULUCF during the 1990-2016 period in France - Kyoto perimeter (mainland and overseas part of the EU)

CCNUCC graph18

 

Download the latest edition of the UNFCCC report (full report) (March 2018) (PDF - 9.7 Mo)Download the CRF tables (submission 2018 - Kyoto perimeter (17.8 Mo))