< Nickel - Ni Selenium - Se >

Associated topic: Heavy metals

Emissions monitoring period: since 1990

Data source: CITEPA / SECTEN format - April 2017


Sources of the pollutant

Until the ban on leaded petrol (1 January 2000), lead (Pb) emissions were mainly from motor traffic. Other sources of Pb emissions include primary and secondary lead smelting, the manufacture of electric batteries and the production of certain types of glass (crystal).


Effect of the pollutant

Lead has been recognised as toxic for a very long time. Lead poisoning can be acute or chronic, and Pb emissions are therefore strictly regulated even at very low levels.

Heavy metals can be toxic for the biosphere. Most being under particulate shape, they accumulate in the water, the grounds, the food and the air.


Classification of sub-sectors* with the highest emission levels in 2015

Classification Sub-sectors Share of sub-sector in total national emissions in mainland France
1 Diesel-fuelled passenger cars 27%
2 Ferrous metals production 24%
3 Diesel-fuelled light-duty vehicles 10%
4 Residential sector 9.6%
5 Gasoline-fuelled passenger cars 8.3%

*: one sector out of six (energy transformation, manufacturing industry, residential/tertiary, agriculture/forestry, road transport and other transport) is broken down into sub-sectors.


Emissions and trends

Minimum observed: 111 t in 2015
Maximum observed: 4 296 t in 1990
Emissions in 2015: 111 t
Trends 2015/1990: -97.4%
Trends 2015/maximum: -97.4%
Trends 2015/minimum: 0%

Measurement unit: t (tonne)

Source CITEPA / SECTEN format – April 2017

Graph Pb 17

Graph Legende sans UTCFv2

Source CITEPA / SECTEN format – April 2017

Tab Pb 17

(*) Following UNECE/NEC definitions : emissions classified "except total" are not included, i.e. emissions from international maritime, emissions from domestic and international air transport cruise (≥ 1000 m), emissions from agriculture and forestry biogenic sources and emissions from non-anthropogenic sources.
(e) preliminary estimate



Lead (Pb) emissions in mainland France have fallen steeply (by a foctor of...(to read more, consult the SECTEN report online via your login and password)

Data source: CITEPA / SECTEN format - April 2017