Air pollution and climate news
The IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) held a scoping meeting to launch its work on preparing its Special Report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways. In response to a request by COP-21 (cf. Decision 1/CP.21, paragraph 21), at its 43rd session (11-13 April 2016), the IPCC committed to producing this report by 2018.
http://www.ipcc.ch/report/sr15/pdf/sr15_scoping_mtg_agenda.pdf (meeting agenda)
http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/press/160811_ma_sr_15_scoping_B52.pdf (IPCC press release)
The European Commission published its assessment of Directive 1999/94/EC on the availability of consumer information on fuel economy and CO2 emissions of new passenger cars sold (known as the car labelling Directive). The assessment examines actual implementation of the Directive and what it has achieved compared to what was expected. It draws on the results of the public consultation conducted between 10 October 2015 and 15 January 2016. The Commission already conducted a public consultation in 2008 on the revision of the Directive and expressed its intention of presenting a legislative proposal for its revision in 2009, which was then postponed until the second half of 2013.
http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/transport/vehicles/labelling/index_en.htm (DG Climate pages on car labelling)
23-23 July 2016: HFC - towards the adoption of amendments to the Montreal Protocol (Extraordinary Meeting of the Parties)
At the 38th Meeting of a technical working group (OEWG) to the Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer (15-21 July), Parties continued their discussions on proposals for amendments to the Montreal Protocol to incorporate measures to gradually phase out HFC production and use, including baselines and dates.
These discussions come under the mandate defined by the Dubai Pathway on HFCs adopted on 5 November 2015 at the 27th Meeting of the Parties (MOP) to the Montreal Protocol (Dubai). This roadmap requires Parties to work together, within the Montreal Protocol, towards an HFC amendment in 2016.
The OEWG-38 meeting was followed by an Extraordinary Meeting of the Parties, in particular to examine the four proposals for HFC amendments submitted by different Parties or groups of Parties. In this context, a Ministerial Round Table, bringing together 35 Environment Ministers from around the world, was held.
http://conf.montreal-protocol.org/meeting/oewg/oewg-38/groups/hfcs-contact-group/SitePages/Home.aspx (see the last link in this list for a recap of the key features on the proposals on the table)
http://www.iisd.ca/download/pdf/enb19125e.pdf (summary of the meeting produced by the International Institute for Sustainable Development)
http://www.unep.org/newscentre/default.aspx?DocumentID=26854&ArticleID=35543 (Dubai Pathway on HFCs)
20 July 2016 : Non ETS sectors - Commission proposes effort-sharing decision for 2030 GHG emissions reduction target
The European Commission presented a proposal for a regulation establishing the effort-sharing requirements for reducing greehouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2030 amongst the 28 Member States for sectors not included in the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) (transports, residential/commercial, agriculture, waste treatment, small industrial installations). This proposal aims to contribute to implementing the climate-energy targets set for 2030 by the European Council at its meeting on 23-24 October 2014, of which the cornerstone is a global binding emission reduction target of at least 40% by 2030 (compared to 1990 levels). This breaks down into:
• -43% (relative to 2005 levels) for ETS sectors (proposal for a directive revising the ETS Directive 2003/87/CE, presented by the Commission on 15 July 2015, currently under discussion) ;
• -30% (relative to 2005 levels) for non-ETS sectors.
The new proposal aims to implement the latter target. Individual national GHG emission reduction targets for non-ETS sectors for 2030 assigned to Member States range from 0% for Bulgaria to 40% for Luxembourg and Sweden. France has been assigned a target of -37%.
The Commission also presented a proposal for a regulation to integrate the land-use sector (LULUCF) into the EU 2030 Climate and Energy Framework and a communication setting out an EU Strategy for low emission mobility.
The legislative proposals wiill be sent to the Council and the Parliament for examination and adoption under the ordinary legislative procedure (formerly the co-décision procedure).
http://ec.europa.eu/transparency/regdoc/rep/1/2016/EN/1-2016-482-EN-F1-1.PDF (effort-sharing proposal)
https://ec.europa.eu/transparency/regdoc/rep/1/2016/EN/1-2016-500-EN-F1-1.PDF (LULUCF proposal)
https://ec.europa.eu/transparency/regdoc/rep/1/2016/EN/1-2016-501-EN-F1-1.PDF (Low emission Mobility Strategy)
http://ec.europa.eu/clima/news/articles/news_2016072001_en.htm (all documents published).
5 July 2016: Non-road mobile machinery - the European Parliament backs the informal agreement on the proposed regulation
The European Parliament (EP), meeting in plenary, adopted the informal agreement on the compromise text concerning the proposed Regulation setting more stringent emission limit values for engines installed in non-road mobile machinery (NRMM) and simplifying the existing complex EU legal framework for the sector, ie Directive 97/68/EC comprising 15 annexes and amended eight times since it was adopted in 1997. The informal deal was reached on 6 April 2016 between EP representatives and the Council under the Dutch Presidency, subsequently endorsed by the Committee of Permanent Representatives of the Member States (Coreper) and then adopted by the EP's Environment Committee on 26 April 2016. The future Regulation must now be formally adopted by the EU Council before being published in the EU Official Journal.