Air pollution and climate news
Climate Action Tracker (CAT), the international consortium of four independent research institutes that tracks the emission commitments and actions of countries, published an assessment of the "national contributions" (INDCs) submitted to date by 56 countries, ahead of COP-21. The assessment highlights that the stated ambition is "far above" levels consistent with achieving the 2°C target. On 28 August 2015, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) published an update on its assessment of INDCs submitted.
http://climateactiontracker.org/news/222/Emissions-Gap-How-close-are-INDCs-to-2-and-1.5C-pathways.html (press release)
http://climateactiontracker.org/assets/publications/briefing_papers/CAT_EmissionsGap_Briefing_Sep2015.pdf (analysis note)
http://www.unep.org/Pdf/UNEP%20Brief-INDC25Aug2015.pdf (UNEP update)
10th part of the 2nd session of the ad hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform (ADP-2-10), in Bonn. The main aim of the meeting is to narrow down the numerous options contained in the formal negotiating text on the basis of the "additional tool", prepared by the ADP Co-Chairs and published on 24 July 2015, as part of a scenario note setting out the aims and the organisation of the ADP-2-10 session. The additional tool is a non-paper illustrating possible elements of the Paris package. Parties must above all produce a streamlined and concise, consistent text for final political negotiation and adoption at COP-21.
See CITEPA's Technical Summaries (Fiche de Synthèse) on Lima: INT_CLIMAT_CCNUCC_Lima_141214 and CITEPA's monthly newsletter C'est dans l'Air n° 193 p.4 (to be published on 3 September 2015) (only available to CITEPA members)
http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2015/adp2/eng/4infnot.pdf (scenario note + "additional tool")
http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2015/adp2/eng/01.pdf (formal negotiating text)
http://unfccc.int/meetings/bonn_jun_2015/session/8857.php (ADP-2-9 with the streamlined and consolidated text and a working document)
11 August 2015: COP-21 - Australia submits its "national contribution" (INDC) to the future international climate agreement
Australia submitted its "intended nationally determined contribution" (INDC) to the Climate Convention (UNFCCC) Secretariat ahead of COP-21 : 26 to 28% reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 relative to 2005 levels (ie -7 to -9% compared to 1990 [source : UNFCCC, 2015]).
Council Decision (EU) 2015/1339 of 13 July 2015 was published in the EU Official Journal (L 207). It formally establishes EU approval (ratification) of the Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol (Decision 1/CMP-8) and the joint fulfilment of commitments thereunder.
US President Barack Obama, presented a National Clean Power Plan which includes CO2 emission standards for power plants. The Plan sets an overall sectoral reduction target of 32% by 2030 (compared to 2005 levels).
http://www.epa.gov/airquality/cpp/cpp-final-rule.pdf (EPA standards)
https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2015/08/03/fact-sheet-president-obama-announce-historic-carbon-pollution-standards (White House fact sheet)